New Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD)

The revised Energy Performance of Buildings Directive – EPBD (EU/2024/1275) was published in the EU Official Journal http://data.europa.eu/eli/dir/2024/1275/oj on May 8, 2024 and most articles will enter into force by May 29, 2026. First adopted in 2002 (Directive 2002/91/EC), revised in 2010 (Directive 2010/31/EU) and 2018 (Directive 2018/844), this most recent revision strengthens the EPBD as the flagship EU Directive to achieve a highly energy efficient and decarbonised building stock by 2050.

Some notable provisions include:

  • Strengthen renovations of the worst-performing buildings in EU Member States. For residential buildings, each Member State will adopt its own national trajectory to reduce their average primary energy use by 16% by 2030 and 20-22% by 2035. For non-residential buildings, will gradually introduce Minimum Energy Performance Standards to renovate the 16% worst-performing buildings by 2030 and the 26% worst-performing buildings by 2033. May exempt certain categories of both residential and non-residential buildings from these obligations, including historical buildings or holiday homes.
  • Set a new standard of zero-emission buildings for new buildings. All new residential and non-residential buildings must have zero on-site emissions from fossil fuels, as of 1 January 2028 for publicly-owned buildings and as of 1 January 2030 for all other new buildings, with a possibility for specific exemptions.
  • Introduce the building Renovation Passports schemes to help building owners plan their (staged) renovations. Safeguard against the risks of ‘renovictions’ (de-facto eviction related to a significant increase in rent following renovation works). Furthermore, the provisions on databases and data exchange will ensure the provision of reliable building information data to citizens and to financial institutions, to support renovations.
  • Establish national Building Renovation Plans to set out the national strategy to decarbonise the building stock and how to address remaining barriers, such as financing, training and attracting more skilled workers. The plans shall be submitted as part of the integrated National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs) process. The first draft of the plans shall be submitted by December 2025.


About the author


Research Director at in the Institute for Environmental Research & Sustainable Development-National Observatory of Athens

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